Jessica Danielle Powell's English 170W Blog
The Long Development of a Short Story.
Glossary of Terms
Posted on September 17th, 2011 at 7:19 pm by Jessica Danielle Powell and




Trending Topic: #Freedom – Adapted from Kate Chopin’s The Story of a Hour



Rhetorical Device


Tweeted Example(s)

How the Rhetorical Device is used.

Rhetorical Question

The question is not answered by the writer, because its answer is obvious or obviously desired, and usually just a yes or no.

Eaglzphan22 Ed Pearson

They both CHOSE to fight in what they believed in. Would you? #freedom #americanway

This rhetorical device is used to challenge the reader into contemplating how important their freedom is to them. This tweet also forces the reader to ask themselves would I fight for what I believe in for my #freedom.


Repetition of a word or phrase after an intervening word or phrase as a method of emphasis

exittheapple pierre bennu

we talk so much about #freedom and wanting to be free but freedom is dangerous without foresight & vison

The “but” serves as the intervening phrase because it comes between the word (freedom) and a more in depth explanation of the consequences of “freedom”. The intervening word “but” emphasizes the author’s idea’s about the repeated phrase “freedom”.


Involves repeating a word or expression while adding more detail to it, in order to emphasize what might otherwise be passed over.

aryannearyanne Aryanne Cabral

\o/ RT @Eric_Rodrigues “Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is #freedom.” (2 Co 3:17)

This rhetorical device is used to emphasize who, what, and where the “Spirit of the Lord” is. After each comma, more information about the Spirit of the Lord is introduced. By not only mentioning the phrase “The Spirit of the Lord” but by explaining what “The Spirit of the Lord” is capable of “The Spirit of the Lord” is amplified.


A comparison between two different things that resemble each other in at least one way.

MoustacheClubUS The Moustache Club

Hardgaining, like freedom, isn’t free. #freedom #bodyimage

This rhetorical device is used to compare Hardgaining and Freedom. Hardgaining is being slimmer than normal. By comparing these two things @MoustacheClubUS is saying that body image and freedom are both things that cost a person something.


Resembles anadiplosis in the repetition of a preceding word, but it repeats a key word (not just the last word) from a preceding phrase, clause, or sentence, at the beginning of the next.

ProjektOfficial Shabbir Aka Projekt

Free Palestine. Free Afghanistan. Free Iraq. Free the world. #Freedom

The rhetorical device is used to show the need for freedom not just in one area but in many others. The key word “Free” is being repeated at the beginning of each phrase which satisfied the requirement of a Conduplicatio.


repetition of the same word or words at the beginning of successive phrases, clauses, or sentences, commonly in conjunction with climax and with parallelism

pontipilat uzeyir #Freedom for youth! Freedom for #Azerbaijan ! Freedom for #ElnurMejidli and other political prisoners #humanrights #Caucasus@amnesty

This rhetorical device is used to show the importance of freedom for Youth who may be political prisoners. The word that is repeated is “Freedom”.



is the recurrence of initial consonant sounds…(and then it is usually limited to two words):

RadicalNews1 Education News

#Teaching to #Transgress#Education as the #Practice of #Freedom: Teaching to Transgress: Education as the Practice…

This rhetorical device is used to illustrate that education is the practice of freedom. This means that learning about freedom and how to handle it all occurs during the process of being educated.

Definitions Obtained From:

Rhetorical Sophistication in 140 Characters


Words are like seeds, they take root when they are spoken, and this is why it is important to know that it’s not what you say but how you say it. For example, you can plant an apple tree with apple seeds, but how you plant the seeds is what determines the kind of harvest you will receive. Rhetorical devices allow words to be planted more effectively and aid in allowing words to have a greater impact on readers. When tracking the trending topic, #Freedom, and a common idea found in Kate Chopin’s The Story of an Hour, I discovered that tweeters found it close to impossible to not use Rhetorical devices. Freedom is a desire or a reality for everyone around the globe and that relationship was shown in how each tweeter planted their words. When discussing #Freedom tweeters pulled out their best use of rhetorical devices such as anaphora, alliteration, rhetorical questions, simile, diacope, amplification, and conduplicatio. Whether tweeters did this by accident or on purpose, they demonstrated their individual “rhetorical sophistication” or their ability to use rhetorical devices to convey an effective idea about freedom.

As said before, freedom is a desire or reality for everyone around the globe. One tweeter named @pontipilat tweeted “#Freedom for youth! Freedom for #Azerbaijan ! Freedom for #ElnurMejidli and other political prisoners #humanrights #Caucasus@amnesty.” He emphasizes his strong desire for freedom by repeating the word freedom several times which is a perfect example of anaphora. By using anaphora @pontipilat expresses that Freedom is necessary for the youth and political prisoners.

Freedom for the youth was a very popular subject tweeted about under the trending topic of #Freedom. @RadicalNews1 tweeted: “#Teaching to #Transgress#Education as the #Practice of #Freedom: Teaching to Transgress: Education as the Practice…” Here, @RadicalNews1, by using alliteration or the repetition of initial consonant sounds, shows how teaching is the first step in helping the youth and many others to grasp freedom. Alliteration was effective in this tweet because the three words “#Teaching to #Transgress” @RadicalNews1 helps us to focus our attention and realize the importance between “#Teaching” and “#Transgress”. That importance was that teaching or educating is the way to have the youth and many others surpass normal “boundaries” that are set for them. Of course when something like education is the difference between freedom and slavery there is always a fight.

@Eaglzphan22 tweeted “They both CHOSE to fight in what they believed in. Would you? #freedom #americanway.” This is a very powerful question because it doesn’t come with an answer; the answer is expected to already be inside of us. Usually when people ask questions we expect there to be a definite answer, but, sometimes we have to search inside of ourselves for the answer. Rhetorical Questions aren’t made to be answered; they are made to make you think. @Eaglzphan22 asks “Would You [fight for what you believed in]”, and this question forces all who read it, even me, to evaluate my dedication and loyalty to the things I am passionate about.

When you are passionate about something you don’t care how much it will cost you physically, mentally, or emotionally. @MoustacheClubUS tweets: “Hardgaining, like freedom, isn’t free. #freedom #bodyimage.” Hardgaining is being abnormally skinny and having difficulty gaining weight.  Here, @MoustacheClubUS is using simile, a rhetorical device that uses like or as to compare two unlike things. Freedom and not being able to gain weight have nothing in common but they work together to illustrate that nothing is able to be obtained without a price.

Often, we would like to get things without having to pay a price, and this is a fact that @exittheapple elaborates on in his tweet: “exittheapple we talk so much about #freedom and wanting to be free but freedom is dangerous without foresight & vison.” Through the use of Diacope, which uses an intervening word (in this case but) and the repetition a word after the intervening word (in this case freedom), the danger of people wanting something without plan is clearly illustrated. The intervening word helps us to differentiate between the two main components of the sentence which are “wanting to be free” and “freedom is dangerous”. By repeating the word freedom @exittheapple emphasizes that freedom is something we all want but are all not able to handle without “foresight and vision”. Although some of us are not able to handle freedom we still place emphasis on its importance in our lives.

@aryannearyanne re-tweets: “\o/ RT @Eric_Rodrigues “Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is #freedom.” (2 Co 3:17).” In this tweet, using amplification, the “Spirit of the Lord” is repeated three times to stress its importance in freedom. The repetition of this phrase also brings us to a deeper level of understanding of what the Spirit of the Lord is capable of and that is #Freedom. Like @aryannaaryanne, @ProjecktOfficial repeats a certain word, in this case a key word, to show how much freedom is necessary everywhere in the world. He tweets: “Free Palestine. Free Afghanistan. Free Iraq. Free the world. #Freedom.” How @ProjecktOfficial conveyed that freedom is needed everywhere is similar to how @aryannearyanne conveyed that in the Spirit of the Lord there is freedom, but, the difference is that @ProjecktOfficial repeats a key word, “free”, and uses that word at the beginning of each preceding sentence. The method that @ProjecktOfficial uses to convey an amazing point is called Conduplicatio. Although the methods that @aryannaaryanna and @ProjecktOfficial uses to convey their personal perspectives about freedom ar different, the idea, is all the same.

To tell the truth, it is quite amazing how the selected tweeters demonstrated rhetorical sophistication with only 140 characters. Often, we think that sophistication requires length, but, these tweeter’s proved us wrong. In 140 characters or less, each tweeter was able to use a rhetorical device to clearly present an idea about freedom to anyone who was willing to read. Of course, the effectiveness, or “rhetorical sophistication” of each of these rhetorical devices can be shown in a ten page paper BUT when shown in 140 character’s or less they grow deeper roots in the heart. The selected tweeter’s did not have to use rhetorical questioning, diacope, amplification, simile conduplicatio, anaphora, or alliteration to make sure that their words were planted, but, the use of these rhetorical devices aided to make sure that their words were planted effectively. I know that I’m logging off of twitter now with a greater understanding of what it means to truly have #freedom, and that’s the whole point of having “rhetorical sophistication” or the ability to use rhetorical devices to convey an effective idea, to produce a greater understanding of a particular idea in every single reader.

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Comments so far:

Link Here | October 5, 2011,

Hi Jessica,

Nice example of diacope and conduplicatio! There’s obviously some very fancy rhetoric happening. And also in your own analysis, which starts by elaborating a nice metaphor/simile in the first few sentences (writing is like gardening). You make me wonder if writing, like freedom, are abstract ideas that just can’t help but be spoken of rhetorically–is there no way to think about freedom that isn’t from a rhetorical point of view? Another version of that question is the distinction you make between two kinds of sophistication: the ten page paper and the 140 character tweet. Both are sophisticated, but maybe the shorter one is more effective (for certain topics)? What do you think about the role of the reader–is all of this sophisticated rhetoric lost on readers if they’re not aware of it?

Last–right away you need to update your post to indicate that the definitions are not your own words; it looks like it’s yours, but you’re using them from the website, so give credit for those.

  Kevin L. Ferguson |

Link Here | October 8, 2011,

Okay thanks for letting me know I’ll give the website credit rightt away! lol.

And yes the sophisticated rhetoric is lost on readers if they don’t understand it. But I believe that someone that doesn’t understand sophisticated rhetoric will be able to better understand it through a 14 character tweet rather than a 10 page paper. Sometimes its a lot better to be concise because that brings clarity. Freedom is one of those idea’s that we can’t fully grasp so rhetorical questions are always going to be asked about it.

When something is larger than us we use smaller pieces we know to paint the whole masterpiece, sometimes failing to realize that we may be inside the frame.

  Jessica Danielle Powell |